The world’s fastest camera can take 36.7 million frames per second, 350 million new photos are posted on Facebook each day, and the average number of shots in a movie is 1,045. Everyday we are bombarded with more than 34 gigbytes of information, enough data that would burn out the average computer within a week.
A great deal of attention is paid to the technical and artistic production of images in photography and film, while the importance of editing seems to be noticed when it is poorly done. The truth is, that is the way it should be since an editor’s job is to take inconceivable amounts of information and turn it into a coherent whole.
Editing is a process of arranging, revising, and preparing images for the screen or print. In this instance, editing still and moving images means to turn our attention on the individual elements, which create an larger impression of a whole scene. As in Gestalt psychology, the whole is always greater than the individual elements that are contained within the frame.
For example, although antiquated, the practice of making contact sheets, small thumbnail images of a shoot, is still quite relevant in learning how to edit images – frame by frame. Not so long ago, film was inspected with a lupe, a small magnifying glass used to examine the qualities of an image or frame.
The greatest benefit of the lupe, however, is not just close inspection – frame by frame- but how the tool forces the photographer or cinematographer to slow down. Digital technologies provide many advantages over analog/linear processes
, but they also make us misread image by settling on the first thing we think is good. The prudent selection of an image is determined by the ability to recognize subtle nuisances – light, lines, textures, tones – that
reveal something about who we are, what we believe or value. Editing is a refinement of reconstiting a vision of the world that conforms to time, memory and the subjective experience we encounter every waking moment of the day.
Alhough we love watching movies, shows on TV, or thumbing through National Geographic, but unfortunately we mostly just look or watch a incessant stream of representations without realizing how the visual experience influences the complex conditions of knowing the world.
If we were to explore a common thread between editing different types of images, it would have to be the emotional impact pictures, still or in movies, have on the viewer or audience. Research reveals how emotional responses to what we see not only captures our attention but also draws us toward simliar objects. Emotions have both physical and behavioral components that can either be negative visual experiences or positive ones. In order words emotions affect how people perceive the world around them (Ling & Carrasco, 2006). When we speak of editing we are really referring to the editor’s intent to motivate others through representing the world according to aesthetic conventions, cultural tastes, or personal values.
Human beings respond to visual stimuli instinctually. Ravé Metha (2013), author of a series of graphic novels on Nicola Tesla, believes that we are living in a hyper-visual culture — a time in which a tsunami of more than 500 million images are produced and shared across social media and the Internet daily.
For Metha, “Kids today are growing up with apps like Snapchat and Instagram where all they see are pictures wih few little words beneath them. But these pictures tell a thousand words to these kids, it tells them a story. Then they will scroll tens of these pictures in less than a minute and essentially have just digested 10,000 words of information in a short amount of time.”